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Aphasia, a disorder that affects two million people in the world

June is the international month from awareness on aphasia, a multimodal cognitive disorder that affects not only the auditive comprehension, the language oral, reading and writing, but also processes such as attention, memory and concentration, among others. Thousands of people experience this pathology each year as a result of a stroke, a brain injury or a neurological condition. Although it is more common than Parkinson, the muscular dystrophy o la cerebral palsy, few know what it is, what are its causes, symptoms and treatments.

The aphasia is a brain injury caused by stroke, head trauma, tumors, meningitis, encephalitis, and carbon monoxide poisoning, among other problems. The ACV it is the most frequent and serious cause globally. Aphasia affects around 2 millions people around the world, according to National Aphasia Association. Every year, more than 180 thousand people experience this pathology, a communication disorder acquired that is caused by a hurt O injury to the left side of the brain, which controls the language. Between 25 and 40% of stroke survivors suffer from this disorder, which impacts on the ability to process language, but not on speech. intelligence.

Maria Clerici, graduated in Speech Therapy and member of the Argentine Association for a ACV Free Life (a non-profit association made up of patients, families and professionals), stated: “Our mission is reduce the negative impact of LCA in individuals, their families and society in general with special attention to the social reintegration and guaranteeing a dignified life after stroke ”.

In that sense, he explained that aphasia It is a disorder of the language and the communication produced by a brain injury. “The brain lesions that generate it, produce other anomalies associates involving cognitive functions Y motor and, consequently, their social interaction and their emotional and motivational dimensions. The person with aphasia has difficulty speak, understand, write Y read and the disease may be associated with cognitive and motor disorders. This disorder generally impacts and patients tend to isolate ya get depressed as they enter the world of disability”, He asserted.

Risk factors for a stroke can be controllable (such as high blood pressure, heart disease, high cholesterol, being overweight and obese, diabetes, and clotting problems) and not controllablesuch as age, gender, and family history.

The symptom stroke appear suddenly. The most common are:

  • Numbness or weakness in the face, an arm or a leg, especially on only one side of the body.
  • Confusion or trouble speaking or understanding.
  • Trouble seeing with one or both eyes.
  • Trouble walking, dizziness, or loss of balance or coordination.
  • Severe headache with no known cause.

Prevention

  • Doing physical activity.
  • Have a healthy nutrition.
  • Avoid being overweight.
  • Do not smoke and limit the consumption of alcohol.
  • Get regular medical check-ups.

“It is very important to start the rehabilitation as soon as possible, as soon as the person is in physical and psychological condition. It should ideally be carried out by a interdisciplinary team”, He concluded Clerici.

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