Does violence return ?: Argentina speculates after serious attack with Molotov cocktails on Clarín | International

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The Molotov-type bomb attack on the headquarters of the Argentine newspaper Clarín caused the repudiation of the entire political spectrum and the world.

The Argentine President, Alberto Fernandez, condemned the attack, as did the former president and leader of the opposition Juntos por el Cambio, Mauricio Macri.

Grupo Clarín, the largest Argentine media group, founded in 1945 by Roberto Noble. It is directed by Héctor Magnetto and exceeds 25% of all information consumption in Argentina.

The conglomerate owns four digital media that are among the six with the highest audience: Clarín.com, TN.com.ar, One hundred radios and The voice of the interior.

The attack was recorded by security cameras and Is being investigated.

At the moment, there is talk of at least nine assailants who threw firebombs on one of the entrances of the building, closed at that time, for which there were no victims. One of the authors would have been identified.

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Judicial sources confirmed Tuesday that a fingerprint during the expertise of the objects, among them, of the Molotov cocktails.

Federal judge Luis Rodríguez requested the study of the fingerprint, which was crossed with the database of the National Register of persons and with that of people with antecedents. Despite this, there were no matches.

That is why some Argentine media put forward the hypothesis that the fingerprint could be from a foreign person.

The attack takes place a few days after the legislative elections of November 14. In the instance, the ruling center-left Peronist party, the Front of All, he was defeated.

In the midst of an extremely difficult economic situation, with more than 40% poverty, with the discontent of many and street protests because insecurity.

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Possible reasons and hypotheses for the attack on Clarín

Many are the questions, both with respect to the authorship of the criminal act and the motives. While investigations are progressing, several hypotheses are woven.

“If Argentina is compared with other Latin American countries, this is very rare, it draws a lot of attention,” he said. Luis Schenoni, political scientist and postdoctoral researcher at the University of Constanza.

“There are three major issues that make this incident to be taken seriously,” he explains.

The first “is the accelerated increase in drug trafficking in the periphery of the great Argentine cities ”, points out.

The Clarín newspaper has investigated this issue, and “that is one of the most common dynamics in other Latin American countries, such as Mexico ”, added.

The second is the internal dynamics of Peronism, where the relationship of Kirchnerism with certain more radicalized groups is known, and that could be another factor, Explain.

The third topic “has to do with the general context, and is the very high degree of informality and criminality, related to the economic situation ”, sums up the political scientist.

Argentina is among the 20 countries with the highest crime rate in the world, with 62.26 points, according to a report of September 2021 of the World Population Review.

This is due to factors socio-economic, cultural and institutional weakness, indicates the report.

Recently, the protests for the murder of Roberto Sabo, a 45-year-old newsstand, in the town of Ramos Mejía, in the Buenos Aires suburbs.

The possibility of attacks against journalists by criminal gangs it’s worrying in the long run, says Schenoni, an assistant professor at University College London.

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“But the most worrying thing would be if an Argentine political group consider using violence ”, highlights, mentioning the attacks in the 70s.

Applause for speech on “uprising against the media”

“I would hope that it is an isolated group, little relevant in political terms, and that the attack do not have great consequences ”, said Marcos Novaro, a political analyst at the University of Buenos Aires.

At the same time, the “Growing confrontation of the ruling party with the media”, which, according to him, is formulated in terms similar to how Cristina Fernández de Kirchner did it at the time.

It is worth remembering the Media law promulgated by the then president in 2009 to put a limit on the distribution of radio and television licenses, challenged by the Clarín Group and modified by former President Macri in 2015.

In September of this year, in a campaign event, President Fernández publicly applauded the speech of the mayor of José C. Paz’s party, Mario Ishii, who called a “lifting” against the media.

“The virulence of that speech caused surprise, and even more so the endorsement of the president,” says Novaro. But that was not the only time.

Both Cristina Fernández de Kirchner and Alberto Fernández publicly complained that the media “Mistreat” democracy and “They get nervous” to the Argentines.

This hostility towards journalists was criticized by the Argentine Journalism Forum (FOPEA), which demanded that the government “guarantee fair conditions.”

Is the crack deepening?

Does the attack reflect a deepening of the socio-political rift in Argentina?

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According to the analyst, “in Argentina there is polarization, but it is not as extreme as is usually thought, especially if we compare it with that of Chile, Brazil or the United States.” The party system is in no danger of dissolving, he said.

He believes that the appearance of extreme right-wing figures, such as Javier Milei (from La Libertad Avanza), is a marginal phenomenon.

“Argentina is a fairly peaceful country”, he says, “violence is not tolerated.”

For the expert, “the relatively improvisation of the attack, the fact that the group allowed itself to be filmed and I’ve been walking around the neighborhood makes think that it did not have a sophisticated logistics ”.

Furthermore, “if it is a political group, it should not be well oriented because, by wanting to create a greater polarization effect, achieved the opposite effect ”, clarified.

Despite this, the unease about the complex socioeconomic panorama continues to mark the lives of Argentines. The attack against Clarín arouses certain fears about a December “hot”.

The challenge now is, according to Novaro, that politics does not disappoint, that it does not continue to frustrate the expectations of society, in which exhaustion becomes palpable, and that it could provoke larger protests.

“Both Macri and Fernández were expressions of a commitment to a political center that managed to get the country out of the crisis”, warned.

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