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Ephemeris of September 16

1498.- Tomás de Torquemada, the first inquisitor general of Spain, dies.

1851.- Emilia Pardo Bazán, Spanish novelist, is born.

1924.- Lauren Bacall, American actress, is born.

1959.- Xerox shows in New York the first photocopier in history, the Xerox 914. An invention that laid the foundations of the “information age”.

1976.- Night of the pencils: Argentine high school students from the city of La Plata who were preparing a protest, are kidnapped and murdered by agents of the military dictatorship.

1977.- Maria Callas, an American opera singer of Greek origin, dies.

1978.- More than 15,000 people die in an earthquake of magnitude 7.7 on the Richter scale in Tabas (Iran).

1998.- ETA announces its first total, indefinite and unilateral truce in more than 30 years of terrorism in Spain, although it does not hand over its weapons.

2010.- Historic visit of Benedict XVI to the United Kingdom, the first by a pope since Henry VIII broke with Rome five centuries ago and Anglicanism was born.

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