December arrived and with it, the season in which Catholics travel hundreds or thousands of kilometers to reach the Basilica of Guadalupe, whose history goes beyond faith.
The Virgin of Guadalupe, who is venerated in Mexico, Latin America and even the Philippines, is considered one of the most important figures within Catholicism. He is worshiped on December 12.
Millions of people travel every year to see the “morenita del Tepeyac”, give thanks and ask for their loved ones, this while they pray and sing in the sanctuary located in the Gustavo A. Madero mayor’s office.
Between 1695 and 1709 the first site was erected to venerate the Virgin of Guadalupe, which is located on the Tepeyac hill, in Mexico City.
The place was chosen by the architect Pedro de Arrieta because it is where San Juan Diego supposedly saw the “morenita del Tepeyac” in December 1531.
De Arrieta «placed on each of the doors a relief with one of the apparitions to Juan Diego and the images of apostles and prophets. The four towers, the dome and the polygonal arch over the main door, were placed in order to be able to relate this temple, in a symbolic way, with the Temple of Solomon in the city of Jerusalem that followed these same forms according to the writing. This was intended to show that New Spain was also a sacred territory, chosen by the mother of the Lord, “explains the administration of the Basilica of Guadalupe in Catholic.net.
At that time, the Marian enclosure was not considered a basilica; It was a collegiate church, that is, it had the same functions as a cathedral and had an abbot and secular canons.
For centuries, this place had inside the ayate (known as the Guadalupano Codex) where the Virgin of Guadalupe appeared.
Until 1904, the site obtained the rank of basilica. During the Cristero War (1926-1929), the image was hidden and was seen again in the atrium of the site until the end of the armed conflict.