The coalition that engineered the overthrow of Salvador Allende was not exhausted by the conspiracy of landowners, employers, the military and Henry Kissinger’s subordinates in Chile. Responsibilities were also held for the maximalism installed in the structures of the Popular Unity, an obstacle to the understanding between Allende and the Communist Party with the progressive sectors of the Christian democracy, whose more conservative leaders ended up supporting the coup. The anti-capitalist emphasis of revolutionary Marxism and its refusal to reconcile program transfers weakened the resilience of the 1970 general-winning political-social conglomerate.
Saving the distances, the reminder comes to the story of the similarities between the Popular Unity shaking for allied extremism, which struggled to advance without compromising towards collectivism, and the intransigence looming in the universe of the Broad Front and the presidential candidacy of Gabriel Boric. Without going any further, in the confused transversality of the People’s List, the insurrection against the reformists is encouraged, involutionist adventurism is not outlawed and political pragmatism is disdained, showing inconsistencies in the ranks of the left.
The plural and heterogeneous that facilitated the triumph of Allende, supported by the columns of intellectuals, miners, trade unionists and students of those years, resurrected during the outbreaks of 2019 demanding, once again, social justice. The left of now is also plural and heterogeneous, but exhibits, as then, youthful actions taken advantage of by the conservative candidate, José Antonio Krast, to scare with permanent disorders and the dictatorship of the proletariat.
The spokesmen of ideological deviationism and hatred harm the champion of change and his main companion, the Communist Party, which has not yet revised its Leninist identity signs: it supported the electoral farce of Nicaragua, noting the doubleness of its democratic convictions, proclaimed in Chile but abandoned with the despotisms of a revolutionary matrix, in application of the friend-enemy logic and the song of self-determination and anti-imperialism.
Mario Zamorano, a member of the party’s central committee, who disappeared three years after the 1973 coup, wrote from the underground that the harassment and demolition of the Popular Unity was largely due to the internal divisions created by the reckless belligerence of groups such as the Revolutionary Left Movement (MIR), responsible for the disassociation of the masses from the popular parties, which they tried to supplant.
The loss of allies among the working and peasant classes due to the ultra-left exacerbation contributed to Allende’s defenselessness. Just as the Concertación allowed the progressive declining of the dictatorship, the candidate of Approve Dignidad needs to integrate the center-left, but, fundamentally, the democratic and realist left, bordering on the sectarian, which demands the moon and only offers visions and brawl without learn from history.