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Guatemalan peasants attack climate change with resilient agriculture

Rabinal (Guatemala), Sep 17 (EFE) .- Several peasant communities in northern Guatemala have adopted resilient agricultural practices to face climate change and drought, backed by cooperatives and community support, according to the United Nations Organization on Friday. for Food and Agriculture (FAO).

The practices of the communities, located in the departments of Baja Verapaz and Alta Verapaz, 150 kilometers north of Guatemala City, are part of the project “Adaptation of rural communities to climate variability and change to improve their resilience and livelihoods. “, with the participation of around 5,900 indigenous producers, of which 30% are women.

The project is funded by the Korea International Cooperation Agency (Koica), and implemented by FAO in cooperation with the Guatemalan Ministry of Agriculture and the National Forest Institute (INAB), the United Nations agency said.

Together in the Federation of Cooperatives of the Verapaces (Fedecovera), the groups of peasants, from the municipalities of Rabinal (Baja Verapaz) and Cobán (Alta Verapaz), have challenged climate change focused on the common good and the modernization of the vegetable planting systems, with the protection of ancestral methods that allow staying afloat.

FOREST AGRICULTURE

One of the cooperative members, Alberto Cortés, 42, a resident of Rabinal, told Efe that the “agroforestry” processes have made it possible “to find access and availability of food, which must be integrated with nature, since it has to have that joint harmony to be a cycle. “

Cortés added that the Federation also works with the communities on issues of youth, gender and women “as an educational method to be able to teach more practices”, since these processes are “the only alternative.”

The farmers of Rabinal cultivate “coffee, yucca, bananas, pacaya, fish, chickens, cows, birds, medicinal plants” and, according to Cortés, they are also “a means of educating others” since they produce “organic fertilizer, everything of the same nature “.

The practices of the communities contrast with the situation of Alta Verapaz and Baja Verapaz, two of the poorest departments in Guatemala and which were hit by hurricanes Eta and Iota in November 2020, in addition to the pandemic.

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