It is a small country with just 2.8 million inhabitants, but that has not stopped it from challenging powerful China.
In recent months, Lithuania has intensified its relationship with Taiwan, something that has annoyed Beijing, which considers the island part of its territory.
In the latest episode of that tension, the European country allowed Taiwan to open a de facto embassy, and China’s response was degrade your diplomatic relations with Lithuania.
We explain the background to this dispute and how Lithuania is dealing with the Asian giant.
The dispute began this summer, when Taiwan announced that its office in Lithuania would be called Taiwan Representative Office. China withdrew its ambassador in August.
Other Taiwanese offices in Europe and the United States use the name of the country’s capital, Taipei, to avoid a reference to the island itself.
China regards it as a rogue province, but Taiwan views itself as independent.
Taiwan’s new office in Lithuania, which opened on November 18, is the island’s first new diplomatic post in Europe in 18 years.
And although it does not amount to an official diplomatic relationship, it can be seen as a sign of the growing ties between both places.