Windows 11 will arrive later this year as a free update for Windows 10 users, but many are finding that their hardware is not supported. Microsoft has modified its minimum hardware requirements, and what is most surprising here is the changes to the CPU. Let’s see what their requirements are and how to know whether or not you should buy a new PC or device.
Windows 11 will only be officially supported on processors 8th Gen Intel Core and Newer, along with the Apollo Lake and the new Pentium and Celeron processors. This potentially excludes millions of existing Windows 10 devices from the fully supported Windows 11 upgrade, and even devices like Microsoft’s own Surface Studio 2 – which is still selling right now for a minimum of € 4,000 by the way.
Older devices that are not officially supported they will encounter a warning during the Windows 11 installation that updating is not recommended. But the operating system should install anyway.
Windows 11 will also be officially compatible with AMD Ryzen 2000 and newer processors and EPYC chips second generation or newer. On the Microsoft site you have the list of compatible processors:
Check if my PC is compatible with Windows 11
The best way to check if your current system will be able to run Windows 11 by the end of the year is to use the ‘PC Health Check’ app to see if your current PC meets the requirements to run Windows 11. If so, you can get an update free once available.
But a note: According to The Verge, many W10 users have downloaded the app, and seen that it fails to check. And it is that, as Microsoft now demands a TPM (Trusted Platform Module), This has caused “c“Some additional confusion around hardware compatibility.”
TPM, the key to Windows 11
Windows 11 will require a TPM with 1.2 support and UEFI Secure Boot. Both technologies are designed to improve Windows security and prevent malware and ransomware from tampering with encryption keys and other secure elements of the operating system.
A TPM the Trusted Platform Module It is a small chip that should be installed on the motherboard of your computer. The chip is basically a secure cryptoprocessor in which Windows encryption keys are stored to protect the privacy of your files.
Although Microsoft has required support for the TPM for OEM hardware certification since Windows 10, it has not actively required that Windows have it fully enabled. This changes in Windows 11, and it means that if your laptop or PC comes with these BIOS options disabled, you will have to find a setting to activate them.
“Almost all CPUs from the last 5-7 years have a TPM “, explains David Weston, director of enterprise security and operating system at Microsoft. Weston advises Windows 10 users who do not meet the update checker requirements to ensure that they BIOS options for “PTT” on Intel systems are enabled, O “PSP fTPM” on AMD devices. Since each BIOS has a different configuration, you may have to consult your laptop manual if you have trouble finding the option.
Is your CPU on the compatible list?
If you’ve enabled TPM support but still haven’t passed the Windows 11 update checker, it’s probably because your CPU is not on the fully supported list. Intel has confirmed Microsoft’s requirements for Windows 11 CPUs.
“A wide range of Intel-based platforms are expected to support Windows 11: 8th generation and newer Intel Core processors, as well as ‘Apollo Lake’ generation and newer Intel Pentium and Intel Celeron processors“says an Intel spokesperson in a statement to The Verge.
This is the first significant change to Windows hardware requirements since the release of Windows 8 in 2012, and the CPU changes are taking people by surprise. Microsoft also requires a front camera for all Windows devices 11, except for desktops, starting in January 2023. It’s another change that will shape the hardware that W11 will run on for years to come.
Minimum requirements for Windows 11
|Processor:||1 giga Hertz (GHz) or faster with 2 or more cores in a 64-bit processor supported the system on a chip (SoC)|
|RAM:||4 gigabyte (GB)|
|Storage:||64GB or larger storage device Note: For more information, see “More information about storage space requirements to keep Windows 11 up to date” below.|
|System Firmware:||UEFI, Supports Secure Boot|
|RPM:||Secure Platform Module (TPM) version 2.0|
|Graphic card:||DirectX 12 or later compatible with WDDM 2.0 driver|
|Screen:||High definition (720p) display over 9 “diagonal, with 8-bit channel per color|
|Internet connection and Microsoft accounts:||At the time of first use, Windows 11 Home edition requires Internet connectivity and a microsoft account to complete device setup. Switching out of Windows 11 in S mode also requires an internet connection.Learn more about S mode here. For all editions of Windows 11, Internet access is required to perform updates and to download and take advantage of some features.|
Feature-specific requirements for Windows 11
Some features in Windows 11 have increased the requirements beyond those listed in the minimum requirements section above. Here are additional details regarding the requirements for key features:
- 5G support requires a 5G-compatible modem.
- Auto HDR requires an HDR monitor.
- BitLocker To Go requires a USB flash drive (available only in Windows Pro and the editions listed above).
- Hyper-V client requires a processor with Second Level Address Translation (SLAT) capabilities that are available in Windows Pro and higher editions.
- Cortana requires a microphone and speaker, and is currently available in Windows 11 for Germany, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Spain, the United States, France, India, Italy, Japan, Mexico, and the United Kingdom.
- DirectStorage requires a 1TB or larger NVMe SSD to store and run games using the “Standard NVM Express Controller” driver and a DirectX 12 Ultimate GPU.
- DirectX 12 Ultimate It is available with compatible graphics chips and games.
- Presence requires a sensor that can detect human distance from the device or the intention to interact with a device.
- The smart video conferencing requires a camcorder, microphone and speaker (audio out).
- The Multiple voice assistant (MVA) requires a microphone and speaker.
- The Flatten three column layouts require a screen that is 1920 or more effective pixels wide.
- The option to mute or unmute audio from Taskbar requires a camcorder, microphone and speaker (audio out). To enable global audio mute or unmute, the app must support the feature.
- The spatial sound requires compatible hardware and software.
- Teams requires a camcorder, microphone and speaker (audio out).
- The touch function requires a display or monitor that supports multi-touch.
- The two factor authentication requires the use of a PIN, biometric equipment (illuminated infrared camera or fingerprint reader), or a phone with Wi-Fi or Bluetooth capabilities.
- The feature Voice dictation requires a PC with a microphone.
- The option Voice activation Requires a modern standby power model and microphone.
- Wi-Fi 6E Requires WLAN IHV hardware and controller and a Wi-Fi 6E compliant router or AP.
- Windows Hello requires a camera configured for near infrared (IR) imaging or a fingerprint reader for biometric authentication. Devices without biometric sensors can use Windows Hello with a compatible Microsoft portable security key or PIN.
- The Windows projection requires a display adapter that supports Windows Display Driver Model (WDDM) 2.0 and a Wi-Fi adapter that supports Wi-Fi Direct.
- The Xbox app requires an Xbox Live account.