Italy is already the first country in the western world to force its citizens to get vaccinated to go to work or provide home services, either in the private company or the public sphere. In reality, employees must have their green certificate in order, which basically certifies the immunization through the vaccine or the performance in the last two days of a negative test. This option, however, is not viable for daily use for professional purposes, which is why the Executive’s impositions are rather a technical formula designed to convince the population to get vaccinated and definitively end resistance. Italy was already a pioneer in Europe by introducing the mandatory vaccination of health workers last April. A few weeks ago, he went one step further and introduced the mandatory use of the covid certificate for teachers as well.
The safe conduct will be from October 15 mandatory for all workers, a sector that encompasses 23 million people. It does not matter if they are self-employed, if it is home services such as the plumber or carers, if they work in multinationals or are civil servants of the Administration. Only the self-employed who work at home have been exempted. In the case of employees, the worker will be sent home if he does not have the certificate. If you do not submit it within five days, you will be will suspend salary and may be fined up to 1,000 euros. The possibility of firing him, which was also on the table, has been ruled out as unconstitutional. It is the employers who must organize creating some figure that is dedicated to controlling it. If they didn’t, They will also be exposed to the same penalties. “This is something that has not been seen anywhere in Europe,” launched the Minister of Public Administrations at a press conference in which those responsible for Justice, Health and Regional Affairs also participated.
The measure, however, transcends Europe and is unparalleled in the Western world. The United States imposed an obligation to vaccinate 100 million workers a week ago. These were those employees in companies with a staff of more than 100 people and federal workers. But in no case was it reached the extreme that it will now impose Italy, which will only exclude those who telecommute or to those who cannot be vaccinated for medical reasons (in that case the antigen test performed, at most, two days before, will do). In fact, the same decree forces to lower test prices: zero euros for those who cannot be vaccinated, eight for minors and 15 for those of legal age, until December 31. The idea of the extension of the certificate is to persuade the anti-vaccines and about three million workers who are undecided about the need to receive the serum.
The covid certificate or green pass, as it is known in Italy, has already become a must-have tool for everyday life. It is, in short, a general vaccination obligation for the population. But without resorting to a measure whose constitutionality would be somewhat doubtful and which still generates reluctance among some sectors. “The certificate is an instrument to protect spaces of freedom that we have conquered with a lot of fatigue, “he said after the Council of Ministers the head of Regional Affairs, Maria Stella Gelmini. It is already required to eat inside restaurants, to enter theaters, museums, cinemas and gyms or to travel on long-distance trains.
On Italy near to 65% of the 60 million inhabitants of the country has received the complete vaccination schedule and 73% have been immunized with at least one dose. These figures are slightly above the average for the European Union: 60% have the complete regimen, and 66% have at least one dose. The Executive has been gradually extending its uses, not exempt from oppositions. The mere approach of doing it mandatory only for public workers has already sparked protests and conflicts with the unions these days.
The main friction within the coalition Executive has occurred with the Liga de Matteo Salvini, that until the last moment he kept doubting whether he was going to support the measure. Part of his electorate rejects the safe conduct and the idea of compulsory vaccination. But the other half, especially the one that belongs to the old Northern League and is closer to the business world, such as the governors of regions such as Friuli-Venezia Giulia or Veneto, have pressed for it to be accepted.
The concession marks a new defeat for Salvini, especially worrying for his interests when his most radical voters are going en masse towards Hermanos de Italia, the party of the far right Giorgia Meloni, the only formation that has been left out of the Executive and that now represents more clearly the sovereignist positions. The requirement of establishment That it moderates its positions contrasts with the lack of a more focused project. And the strategic doubts they are creating a huge problem in polls.
Draghi has shown in recent months that he is not swayed by the endless noise of Italian politics. An obvious advantage in carrying out the complicated reform agenda that it has designed and reaching the objective of the herd immunity in Italy. But some sectors criticize that Parliament has sometimes been silenced by the roller it has applied.
In the Government there has also been discussion between ministers of different parties regarding the cultural halls. The minister of the branch, Dario Franceschini, had asked that the green certificate obligation for almost all public activities, including work since October 15, it would involve regaining normal capacity in cultural venues. But the Minister of Health, Roberto Speranza, He has refused and Draghi sided with him. In 15 days, the Government will decide whether to relax distancing measures in meeting places. But organically, not only in cultural halls.