Neither feminine nor masculine: Argentina becomes the first country in Latin America to authorize identity documents for non-binary people

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Argentina made history on civil rights this Wednesday by becoming the first country in Latin America to authorize the issuance of the National Identity Document (DNI) and the passport for non-binary people, that is, who do not identify with male genders nor feminine.

President Alberto Fernández will lead a ceremony at the Bicentennial Museum in which the first DNIs will be given to three non-binary people, which guarantees their self-perceived gender identity.

Thanks to this measure, from now on the official documents will include the nomenclature ‘X’, an option that interested persons will be able to access as soon as they carry out the procedure to change them.

Argentina is the first country in Latin America that enables through the new decree the possibility of consigning a different option in the “sex” field of the DNI, in line with the modification that other countries of the world such as Canada, Australia and New Zealand have already carried out.

The decree published this Wednesday in the Official Gazette explained that the right to gender identity is inherent in the right to one’s own identity and is part of the field of human rights.

“The right to identity has a direct and indissoluble link with the right not to suffer discrimination, to health, to privacy and to carry out one’s life plan. It is constituted as a generic concept that assembles other rights that protect various aspects of the person, “he added.

The regulations specified that everyone has the right to recognition of their gender identity, to their free development and to be treated according to their gender identity and, in particular, to be recognized in this way in the instruments that prove its identity with respect to the first names, image and sex with which it is registered there.

He also clarified that ‘gender identity’ refers to “the internal and individual experience of gender as each person feels it, which may or may not correspond to the sex assigned at the time of birth, including the personal experience of the body “.

The decision benefits people who adhere to identities such as non-binary, indeterminate, unspecified, indefinite, uninformed, self-perceived or unreported, and who felt violated by having to forcibly choose ‘male’ or ‘female’ in their documents officers.

The Argentine decree recognized that, although the nomenclature ‘X’ for ‘unspecified sex’ has not yet been unanimously admitted worldwide, there are different gender policies in countries such as Nepal, which in 2007 established a third genre, as occurs in Pakistan since 2009 and in Bangladesh, where as of 2013 there is a term for transsexual or intersex people, which allows them to reduce discrimination in education and health care.

On IndiaOn the other hand, since 2009 the option ‘other’ can be chosen, while in Canada they issue birth certificates with an ‘X’ instead of ‘female’ or ‘male’ and the change in passports can also be requested.

More information, shortly.

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