Madrid, Jul 21 (EFE) .- The exclusive use of electric vehicles, after abandoning hybrids and with a combustion engine, is an essential requirement to meet the objective of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions foreseen in the Paris Agreement, according to a study by the International Council for Clean Transportation (ICCT).
The research, developed by this independent and non-profit organization dedicated to developing technical and scientific analyzes to environmental regulators, highlights that only battery electric vehicles (VEB) and fuel cell (FCEV in English) powered by renewable electricity are suitable if the goal of keeping global warming below 2 ° C is to be achieved.
That is why it recommends “phasing out the registration of new combustion engine vehicles” from 2030.
In addition to not contaminating during their handling, beyond the electricity necessary for their loading, the GHG emissions attributable to all stages of the EBV life cycle – from the extraction and processing of raw materials, to their manufacture and commissioning. available – are according to this study “between 66% and 69% smaller compared to new gasoline vehicles.”
This figure corresponds to the automotive sector in the European Union and is lower in the rest of the markets analyzed: the United States – where it is between 60% and 68% -, China – between 37% and 45% – and especially India – between 19% and 34% -.
The document also details that, if the current energy policies of decarbonization of the sector are complied with, this gap will widen even more in the future and could reach 77% in Europe, 76% in the United States, 64% in China and the United States. 56% in India.
These four regions together account for “about 70%” of new car sales worldwide.
In the case of VEBs that run entirely on renewable energies, the inequality in emissions between electric vehicles and newly-billed combustion vehicles could be 81%.
Another “important” piece of information is the demonstration that life cycle emissions trends are “similar in the four regions, despite the differences between them in vehicle production, energy sources used” or other aspects, depending on has pointed out the deputy director of ICCT, Rachel Muncrief, in a statement in which she comments on the report.