Pay please! 8 fateful days on November 9th

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Since the “fall of the wall” in 1989 at the latest, November 9th has been called the fateful day of the Germans. This day is named as the last great fateful day on November 9th. It’s not fair. We should also remember November 9, 2001, when the anti-terror laws were “temporarily” introduced in the 199th session of the German Bundestag. Or on November 9, 2007, when a German parliament decided to retain data. But numbers are human work and so today we are looking at a pretty complicated sequence of numbers.

In this section we always present astonishing, impressive, informative and funny figures from the fields of IT, science, art, economics, politics and of course mathematics on Tuesdays.

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The counting of the fateful days of the Germans usually begins with the year 1848, when the German politician was in the revolutionary year of the first democratic national assembly Robert Blum In Vienna, despite immunity, he was convicted as a rioter and shot dead. Day number 2 was November 9, 1918, when the first German republic took its first steps towards the future.

There is already controversy about November 9, 1923, when the Hitler putsch failed in Munich at the Feldherrenhalle. On the other hand, November 9, 1938 is undisputed as the day of German baseness, later than by the National Socialists Reichspogromnacht celebrated.

The memory of this day of shame was not kept alive until 1958, before that one was busy with “cleaning up”. At that time, Federal President Theodor Heuss said the now somewhat awkward words: “To commemorate this day is a special duty at a time when the number of those who want to take refuge in the convenience of forgetting or who have already fled is growing.”

But remembering the pogroms is not complete without November 9, 1969. On this day, Jewish citizens in West Berlin wanted to think of the victims of 1938 in their community center in Charlottenburg. One Bomb in the meetinghouse should the commemoration “stir up”. The bomb, which fortunately did not detonate, came from the Westberliner Tupamaros.

Robert Blum (born November 10, 1807 in Cologne, † November 9, 1848 in Brigittenau near Vienna)
The German politician and member of the Frankfurt National Assembly took part in the October uprising in 1848 on the side of the revolutionaries. After the uprising was put down, he was sentenced to execution and shot on November 9, 1848 in Vienna.

The last fateful days of the German nation may pale in this list, but are heavyweights in their own way, restricting civil liberties: on November 9, 2001, the Bundestag debated this Anti-Terror-Gesetz with extensive security checks at airports, the inclusion of biometric features in ID cards, the possibility of banning extremist religious communities and the establishment of an anti-terror database.

On November 9, 2007, the “Law on the New Regulation of Telecommunications Surveillance and Other Covert Investigative Measures” was passed with 366 votes to 156. The anti-terror laws should be limited in time, the data retention should be evaluated, but neither was done.

The data retention was declared unconstitutional by the Federal Constitutional Court on March 2, 2010, and the anti-terror laws were extended and tightened in 2011. In contrast to the popularly celebrated “Fall of the Wall” on November 9, 1989, that of Günther Schabowski with the words “to the best of my knowledge .. immediately, immediately” in the GDR and “The gates in the wall are wide open” were initiated in the Federal Republic, the radical changes in the law are not celebrated.

On the 20th anniversary, the Hamburg Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy demands that all measures of the anti-terror laws to be put to the test:
“It is urgently necessary to independently check what effect the existing regulations actually had and whether they are still necessary and appropriate. As long as this fundamental inventory is not completed, the adoption of new security laws should be suspended for the time being.”, explains Hendrik Hegemann from IFSH.

Maybe this is finally a chance to think about these laws.


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