A geoglyph in the shape of a bull was discovered at the archaeological site of Jonderguéi 22, in the Republic of Tuva, in southern Siberia, communicated last Friday the Institute of History of Material Culture of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
As detailed, the object dates from the early stages of the Bronze Age, which in the area began at the end of the third millennium BC, that is, it is approximately twice as old than the Nazca geoglyphs, created between the 5th century BC and the 5th century AD. The geoglyph found in Tuva was part of a larger ceremonial complex, which also included a mound erected over the geoglyph, but it suffered considerable damage in modern times.
“Of the image, only the haunch has been preserved (the front part was destroyed in the 1940s during the construction of a road),” says Natalia Lázarevskaya, who was in charge of the work.
The archaeologist highlights that it is a unique find in the region: “Previously, similar geoglyphs had not been found in Tuva. There are analogues of this image among the petroglyphs of Kalbak-Tashá I, in the Russian Altai”, a neighboring region from Tuvá.
For her part, the head of the Tuva expedition, Marina Kilunóvskaya, indicated that the bull motif “was very characteristic of Central Asian cultures precisely during the early bronze age” and was only replaced by the deer in the era of the Scythians. However, this is the first time that a geoglyph in the shape of this animal has been found, “perhaps even in the entire region of Central Asia.”
“The uniqueness of the find and the threats to its conservation by the nearby road part make it a more than appropriate object for museification. We are currently working with our colleagues in Tuva to make it possible,” says Kilunóvskaya.
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