The data obtained during a series of tests carried out at the Large Hadron Collider, published In March 2021, they suggested the possibility of the existence of a new fundamental force of nature, calling into question the basic principles of the Standard Model, the most accepted theory that describes everything we know about the physical matter that makes up the world. surrounds.
In this context, the results of new experiments, not yet validated by peers and published recently by the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN, for its acronym in French), provide new evidence that supports the hypotheses raised by the publication at the beginning of the year, by finding evidence that suggests the existence of new particles and fundamental forces that govern the universe, which could revolutionize modern physics.
The Standard Model, which describes all the hitherto known particles that make up the universe, considers three of the four fundamental forces: the electromagnetic force and the strong and weak forces. However, this theory ignores the force of gravity and fails to explain the formation of dark matter, which, according to astronomy, is the most abundant element in the universe, and how it survived during the Big Bang.
Considering these limitations of the standard model, scientists have turned their attention to the study of background quarks, one of the six known subatomic particles, which survive an average of one trillionth of a second before transforming or decaying into other particles.
Research published in March showed that background quarks decay into electrons 15% more frequently compared to muon decay, while the results obtained in the most recent investigation suggest that this percentage is even higher, raising it to 30%. The data obtained could indicate the existence of a new force that pulls the particles with different forces and that interferes with the way in which the quarks decompose.
“There is still a long way to go before we can say with any certainty that we are really seeing the influence of a fifth force of nature. … [sin embargo] it is exciting to think that in the coming months or years a new window could open to the most fundamental ingredients of our universe “, commented Harry Cliff, co-author of the study, recently published European Organization for Nuclear Research.
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