Study: E-cars pecuniary equal to combustion engines

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In the first five years after their purchase, fully electric cars are an economical alternative to gasoline and diesel cars in terms of purchase price and maintenance. The think tank Agora Verkehrswende calculated this with the help of data from ADAC on 8000 new car models available in Germany. According to Agora, this included depreciation, energy consumption, taxes and insurance as well as maintenance.

In the upper and middle vehicle classes, e-cars are often cheaper than combustion vehicles in terms of purchase price and total cost calculation, even without purchase premiums, Agora Energiewende announced (PDF). For example, an E-Class gasoline engine with an annual mileage of 15,000 km causes total costs of 77,000 euros in the first five years; for a comparable electric car it is 70,000 euros. The purchase premium does not usually play a role here because it is only possible for vehicles with a purchase price of less than 65,000 euros.

Smaller electric models would still be more expensive than comparable combustion engines without funding, writes the think tank. A gasoline engine in the Golf class would cost around 42,000 euros in five years, a comparable electric model including a purchase bonus around 40,000. The purchase price for most new cars with gasoline engines is between 29,000 and 53,000 euros, and for electric cars with a purchase bonus between 30,000 and 58,000 euros. The purchase premium for battery electric vehicles can be up to 9,000 euros.

For all new car models available in Germany, the average car purchase price is a good 45,000 euros; the total costs are on average over 52,000 euros after five years. Fuel costs make up 16 percent of this, taxes and insurance around 14 percent.

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According to Agora Energiewende, plug-in hybrids are the most expensive. The models available on the market cost an average of around 61,000 euros in the five years after purchase; Diesel and unsubsidized fully electric vehicles around 57,000 euros. Including purchase premiums, the average total costs are just under 58,000 euros for plug-in hybrids or 51,000 euros for electric cars. If the company car regulation and the vehicle tax are consistently applied to the CO2-Emission aligned and CO2– If fuel prices are raised, the cost-benefit ratio will shift further in favor of electric cars.

According to the coalition agreement, the federal government aims to have around 15 million fully electric cars in Germany by 2040. In the opinion of the think tank, in order to be able to achieve the goal, the total costs should be made more transparent to those interested in buying. Purchase premiums should be geared more towards medium-sized and small models and, in the future, also towards used electric vehicles.

Federal Minister of Economics Robert Habeck recently announced that the purchase premium for electric cars and plug-in hybrids would be extended to the end of 2022. From 2023 onwards, only electric vehicles that have been shown to have a positive effect on climate protection are to be funded. This should be defined via the electric driving portion and a minimum electric range. That should be in the spirit of Agora Energiewende, which means that the benefits of plug-in hybrids for the environment and the climate are usually low because they have so far only been driven a little electrically.

Audi Q4 e-tron

(Data as of: 14.09.21)

Peak power 125 – 220 kW

Continuous output 70 or 77 kW

Battery capacity gross / net 55 / 51.5 kWh (Q4 e-tron 35) or 82 / 76.6 kWh

Max.charging power alternating current 7.2 kW (e-tron 35) or 11 kW

Max.charging power direct current 110 kW (Q4 e-tron 35) or 125 kW

Range (WLTP) 306 km (e-tron 35 min.) To 521 km (e-tron 40 max.)

Power consumption (WLTP combined) 17.0 (e-tron 35 min.) To 21.3 kWh / 100 km (e-tron 45 u. 50 quattro max.)

Top speed: 160 (models with rear-wheel drive) or 180 km / h (quattro models)

Boot space: 520 – 1490 liters

Basic prices (gross, as of July 29, 21): 41,900 to 53,600 euros
(Image: Audi)


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