According to calculations by scientists, a mobility transition in Germany driven by climate protection and digitization will create more jobs than destroy them by 2040. This is the result of a joint study by the Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training, the Society for Economic Structural Research and the Nuremberg Institute for Employment Research (IAB).
“According to our scenario, the conversion to more ecological mobility is not accompanied by job losses – as an initial assumption, particularly with regard to Germany as an automobile location, would lead to, but rather with an increase in employment,” the research report says. The scenario is based on assumptions, which in turn are based on expert interviews and literature.
60,000 new jobs
In 2040, the process will have led to around 220,000 jobs being lost and 280,000 additional jobs created. Jobs in transport and logistics, construction and warehouse management in particular benefited. Jobs in the car trade and the number of truck drivers fell sharply because autonomous systems became established.
The automotive industry in particular is facing a change, the beginnings of which can already be seen. Because with the end of the internal combustion engine and the spread of battery-electric drives, the complexity in production is decreasing. At the same time, research focuses are shifting away from topics such as exhaust gas aftertreatment and transmission control towards cell chemistry in batteries for electric cars.