The Taliban lack structures three weeks after the capture of Kabul

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Three weeks after seizing power in Kabul, the Taliban have yet to present their country project to the world. The delay in announcing the new government, the difficulties in reopening the Kabul airport to international flights and the resistance in the Panshir, exacerbate the economic crisis and make the desired return to normalcy difficult. The security that Islamists show as great success in the cities is insufficient for a population that in many cases has difficulty eating.

From the beginning, many analysts have questioned the technical capacity of the guerrillas to tackle the enormous challenges the country faces without the international economic assistance that sustained its gear. All eyes are on what will be the composition of the Government, whose announcement was expected for last Friday. They are being pressured from the outside so that their commitment to being inclusive translates into the appointment of some technocrats who will reassure Western countries, the main donors.

It is not clear if this is what is holding back the presentation of the ministers. The Pakistani press, with good contacts within the new regime, has echoed internal disputes over the key portfolios of Economy, Defense and Interior. Without a doubt, the heavyweights of the group want to be present in the Executive under the aegis of their supreme leader, the maulana Hibatullah Akhundzada, the only one who is absolutely safe in all pools.

Beyond the ideological rigidity attributed to them, reality may force them to be pragmatic. 75% of public spending was financed by donors who have now turned off the tap. That means there is no money to pay the salaries of doctors, teachers and other public employees. Nor to finance imports on which the country is highly dependent. In addition, the United States has frozen the foreign exchange reserves deposited in the Federal Reserve and pressured international institutions to suspend their loans. The EU has also canceled its development aid.

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Hence, banks are providing money with a dropper (up to a maximum of $ 200, about 165 euros, a week) and long lines are forming in front of their branches. The price of currencies is skyrocketing on the black market. On a positive note, money transfer companies have said they will resume their services, allowing Afghans abroad to help their families.

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The UN is focusing its efforts on the humanitarian emergency: the risk of a famine if the situation is not unblocked in the coming weeks. The repair of the damage suffered by the Kabul airport during the chaotic US evacuation has allowed the arrival of the first aid shipments from Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, where the United Nations has department stores. But that is not enough to open the airfield to international flights. The airlines need the approval of their insurers even to fly over Afghan airspace, something that they do not authorize for now.

At the same time, the Taliban leaders face a problem of self-esteem rather than a military one. The resistance of the Panshir, the only province that has not accepted Taliban control, does not call into question their dominance of the country, but it certainly diminishes the message of unity they are trying to convey. On the other hand, it also puts them before a difficult situation: tolerating that bag of rebels undermines their authority and sends the wrong message to their rivals in the Islamic State (ISIS); while a campaign with blood and fire will reinforce the image of cruelty from which they try to distance themselves.

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For now, it is a distraction from their need to earn a modicum of international recognition. Neither does the trickle of human rights violations that come to light every day contradicting the discourse of its propagandists. The latest cases, the summary execution of a policewoman, denounced by her son on social networks, or the death, apparently under arrest, of a cleric sympathizing with ISIS, reported by an Afghan news agency.

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