The three reasons why the US, Chile, Great Britain and Israel went from being an example in vaccination campaigns against COVID-19 to suffering stagnation

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A Abbigail Bugenske the pandemic of coronavirus brought him a million dollars under his arm. This American woman was the first lucky woman to win the campaign’s millionaire prize Vax-a-million launched by the state of Ohio to encourage its citizens to get vaccinated against Covid-19. It was a desperate attempt by Governor Mike DeWine to convince the reluctant local population to get immunized. The campaign promised five random drawings of $ 1 million each for five weeks to newly vaccinated seniors.

Along with Chile, Great Britain and Israel, the United States country went from being an example in the vaccination campaign to suffering a stagnation or slowing down. Anti-vaccine groups, misinformation and mistrust are some of the reasons. How will they reverse this trend?

The US also used other incentives, even some more coveted ones. Other states or cities promised college scholarships or more mundane things like drinks and even marijuana. Anything goes to unblock a campaign that seems to have stopped after six months of strong momentum and that has already managed to immunize more than 60% of the country’s population.

Jose Guillermo Castro, clinical chief of the Infections Department at the University of Miami, warned that this phenomenon is observed throughout the United States and has led to a dangerous outbreak of cases, especially in Florida, Texas and Arkansas, due to the emergence of the Delta variant, considered more contagious.

“At the national level there is a 100% increase in cases compared to three weeks ago. Almost 40% of the population has yet to be vaccinated and now we have to see how the government reacts ”by Joe Biden, he said.

For Castro, the anti-vaccine movement, misinformation and mistrust on the part of the population caused this stoppage in the campaign.

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“More than reaching a ceiling the vaccination rate has decreased. There is a political component that seems to influence the decision or not to get vaccinated ”, he explained. In this last sector are the voters of former Republican President Donald Trump.

And he warned: “We are seeing a new wave in which the rate of new patients is even higher than the second wave. These patients have the characteristic that 90% are not vaccinated. And mortality is occurring in this group ”.

What can happen in Latin America

The vice president of the Colombian Association of Infectology, Alfonso J. Rodriguez-Morales, warned that this situation could have a correlation in the future in Latin America.

In dialogue with, the specialist of Venezuelan origin said that “without a doubt this lack of acceptance or rejection of vaccines makes the goal of achieving herd immunity in some countries a little difficult.”

And he explained: “Together they add up to a proportion that can be around 10, 15, 20, 30 and even 40% in some countries. as we see for example in Latin America according to recent studies ”.

The case of Chile

Chile was the first country in the region to maintain a successful vaccination campaign against Covid-19. Currently 63% of the population has already applied two doses of the vaccine.

The Chilean epidemiologist and public health expert Juan Carlos Said said to that the immunization campaign “it has slowed down” in the last weeks. “There are still a very significant number of people without vaccinating,” he explained.

“They are especially children, and people between the ages of 20 and 40 and older adults who for one reason or another chose not to get vaccinated. Vaccination in people over 70 years of age is stagnant at 90% ”, he indicated.

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Faced with this situation, the health authorities began vaccinating adolescents with the Sinovac vaccine. “They are an important percentage, 20% of the population. It is a key segment to cut the circulation of the virus”, He pointed.

And he affirmed: “For a month the campaign has been slowed down, which is the same thing that has happened in other countries such as the United States or Great Britain. At the beginning, people are motivated, but now, in a second stage, infections decrease and the perception of risk falls ”.

“Now in Chile there is little sense of urgency in getting vaccinated. But the Sinovac vaccine has less capacity to cut the transmission of the virus and the country must vaccinate the entire population to achieve control of the pandemic with this vaccine, “he said.

“You are going to have to vaccinate practically the entire population. Not only with two doses, but with three ”, he explained.

The situation in Great Britain

Another of the most successful cases of vaccination is Britain, one of the countries in Europe hardest hit by the pandemic. There is a similar situation there.

The Argentine journalist and writer Leonardo Boix, a London resident, told that in the United Kingdom “the vaccination rate has fallen by 49%” since June 20.

“Young people are not getting vaccinated as much as before. The pace is much lower. In this 18-25 age group, there is more reluctance to get vaccinated. And there are many ´fake news´ in the social networks that young people read. ”, He indicated.

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However, he pointed out, the start of the boreal summer holidays could mark a change in trend because many European countries require double vaccinations for tourists. “And a lot of young people want to travel,” he said.

And he affirmed: “The situation is not comparable to that of the United States. There was a significant decline, but we are seeing an upward trend”.

What is happening in Israel

In the meantime, Israel took a sharp tip around the world in vaccination against Covid-19. On March 22, 60% of the population was vaccinated with at least one dose, three months after the start of the campaign.

However, in recent months it was only able to increase that percentage to 66%. And it went from administering 230,000 daily doses to less than 5,000.

The causes, according to experts agree, is that the country has a very young population, with 27.89% under 14 years of age. In addition, the ultra-Orthodox religious group, which demonstrates against the vaccine, represents 12% of the population.

For this reason, the Ministry of Health announced this week that as of August 1, it will begin to vaccinate boys and girls between the ages of 5 and 11 with pre-existing diseases. In this way, the country could reach 70% of its vaccinated population and achieve the long-awaited herd immunity after a re-outbreak of registered cases due to the irruption of the Delta variant.

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