The varicose veins in the legs or chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) They are a fairly common problem, especially among the female population, although this in no case excludes men.
The truth is that, often, it is believed that varicose veins are only a problem that affects aesthetics, however, if attention is not paid to the problem and its appearance, some complications and discomfort may occur in the middle and long term like heaviness, pain, feeling of cramps, discoloration of the skin or edema and swelling.
“These discomforts tend to be more intense during prolonged periods of standing and during the hottest months,” explains Pablo Gallo, head of the Angiology and Vascular Surgery Unit of the Ruber International Hospital of Madrid.
Along the same lines, the specialist warns, «if venous insufficiency chronic is not diagnosed Neither is it treated in a timely manner, it can lead to complications such as venous ulcers and varicorrhagia, which is bleeding from a varicose vein, as they are fragile and susceptible to rupture.
Pay attention to varicose veins in the pelvis
In addition, he adds, they can also be given thrombophlebitis. «It is an inflammation of the varicose vein manifesting itself as an indurated and very painful cord. Without forgetting that in some cases cause of varicose veins in the legs may be due to varicose veins in the pelvis, should be suspected when recurrent varicose veins appear despite performing treatments on the legs, or in the presence of genital varicose veins and when they are accompanied by chronic pelvic pain. In these cases, the veins of the pelvis should be studied».
I have varicose veins, where do I go?
When varicose veins appear, on some occasions, we do not know well what specialist person we must go to advise us what to do and how to address the problem, since it is not only something aesthetic.
But the truth is that it is convenient and advisable to make an appointment with specialists in angiology and vascular surgery so that, among other things, they assess whether there is really venous insufficiency established in the legs and pelvis.
Once, the specialist details, diagnosed should be individualize treatment. “It can be conservative, such as the use of elastic support, medication and other recommendations, without forgetting the follow-up, since it is a chronic disease that tends to progress,” explains Dr. Gallo.
Severe symptoms: endovascular treatment that replaces the classic treatment
When chronic venous insufficiency produces severe symptoms it is advisable for the affected patient to undergo an endovascular process.
According to Dr. Gallo, to tackle these intense symptoms there are different therapeutic alternatives. On the one hand, conventional surgery consists of making incisions and is more invasive; but at this moment, he points out, it has been displaced by other alternatives that are endovascular techniques such as laser or radio frequency, among others.
Minimally invasive and prompt labor and aesthetic recovery
Are endovascular techniques are minimally invasive and they treat varicose veins on an outpatient basis, under local anesthesia and without making incisions. For this reason, explains Dr. Gallo, «this contributes to faster recovery, provides an excellent aesthetic result and incorporation into working life is immediate ”.
«Once the cause of varicose veins has been treated, in some cases it is necessary to supplement sclerotherapy treatment, that is, injecting a solution directly into the vein. For this, in the unit we have an area of vascular aesthetics, in charge of non-surgical treatments, which are practiced on an outpatient basis, with the purpose of eliminating different types of varicose veins in the lower limbs and genitals. Sometimes for aesthetic reasons and others complementing the treatment of varicose vein surgery.
Finally, Dr. Gallo, highlights the importance preventive, therefore, he insists, we must promote healthy lifestyle habits, fostering ahealthy eating and avoiding sedentary lifestyle.