Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental health disorder that affects a person’s ability to concentrate and control their behavior. It is most commonly diagnosed in children and adolescents, but can also affect adults.
Symptoms of ADHD include difficulty paying attention, trouble completing tasks, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. These symptoms can interfere with a person’s ability to function effectively in school, work, and social situations.
There are three subtypes of ADHD: inattentive type, hyperactive-impulsive type, and combined type. The inattentive type is characterized by difficulty paying attention, difficulty following instructions, and difficulty organizing tasks. The hyperactive-impulsive type is characterized by excessive talking, fidgeting, and difficulty sitting still. The combined type is a combination of both inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive symptoms.
ADHD is usually diagnosed based on a combination of a medical evaluation, observations by parents, teachers, and other caregivers, and self-reported symptoms. It is typically treated with a combination of medication, therapy, and lifestyle changes. Medications used to treat ADHD include stimulants such as Ritalin and Adderall, and non-stimulant medications such as Strattera. Therapy can help individuals with ADHD learn coping skills and improve social skills, and lifestyle changes such as a structured routine and regular exercise can also be helpful.
It is important to note that ADHD is not a sign of a lack of intelligence or a result of bad parenting. It is a real medical condition that can be managed with the right treatment and support.