At present, the number of Internet users worldwide has reached 4.66 billion people, which means that already 59.5% of people connect, according to the Digital 2021 report by We Are Social and Hootsuite. East August 23 is celebrated the Internet User Day, an anniversary in which public access to the first web page in history is commemorated, using the set of protocols of the World Wide Web, Invented in 1991 by British engineer Tim Berners-Lee.
We are going to separate concepts: The first thing to clarify that today is not the ephemeris of the Internet, since the Internet is a system of interconnected computer networks that was born in the middle of the Cold War, in the 60s -1969 exactly- from the hands of the well-known DARPA, the American agency for research on advanced defense projects.
The WWW or World Wide Web was created in 1989 by scientist Tim Berners-Lee at CERN, the nuclear research laboratory near Switzerland, being HTML and HTTP protocols that are used by browsers to communicate with servers.
Using a manual definition, with a web browser a user displays websites made up of web pages that may contain texts, images, videos or other multimedia content, and navigate through those pages using hyperlinks. The father of the current Network without a doubt, Berners-Lee created the system of hyperlinks or hyperlinks that make up an essential part of the Internet architecture.
1990, the first web page is born
The first WEB browser no less to delve into what the Ghost in the Shell manganime described as a “Vast and infinite network”; plus three essential protocols for network networks, all using a Next computer (computer developed by Steve Jobs the first time he left apple, by the way):
- The URLs or addresses with which to identify web pages
- The HTML language to create websites
- The Http protocol, with which to link all the resources of the web
In 1989, the system that made possible the World Wide Web or the creation, linking and visits of web pages, in principle simply with the aim of being used as a system for exchanging data between scientists according to Berners-Lee. But the WWW and the Net did not stop there, and in December 1990 the world’s first website was opened, a super-basic browser without colors, without graphics, only text, that only worked in NeXT stations and that you can manage from this link.
1991, public access to the Web is born
Months later, the domain opened for everyone. And on August 23, 1991, people outside CERN were invited to access it, which made them the first public users to use the Rede de redes.
From here began the democratization of the Internet, Mosaic nation, the first browser which became popular in the early 90’s. Then came Netscape Navigator, Internet Explorer, Firefox Mozilla, etc. But Berners-Lee and his website can boast of having always been first.