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Charging an electric car: How to do it, prices and charging stations

In a draft document that we first saw last December in agencies such as Reuters, the European Union remarked that aims to have at least 30 million zero-emission vehicles on its roads by 2030, as it aims to move countries away from transport based on fossil fuels. It is one of the measures to tackle a quarter of greenhouse gas emissions from the EU, which come from the transport sector.

Objective: Reduce the carbon footprint

“The EU’s climate neutrality target for 2050 cannot be achieved without introducing very ambitious measures to reduce transport dependence on fossil fuels.” And to achieve the climate objectives of the bloc they will need “at least” 30 million zero-emission vehicles by 2030, according to the document. This represents a great advance over the 1.8 million electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles registered in Europe at the end of 2019, according to the International Council on Clean Transportation.

And it should be noted that hybrid vehicles -cars that have a gasoline engine and an electric motor- “They are not zero-emission vehicles.” The EU document calculates that Europe will need 3 million public charging points and 1,000 hydrogen charging stations by 2030, and promises a “deployment plan with funding opportunities and requirements “ next year.

The European network of Electrolineras

Europe currently has about 200,000 charging points, and more have been announced in these months, as the largest electric station in Spain to be built in the Community of Madrid. But if I bought a completely electric vehicle right now, could I travel without problems in Spain and Europe? Or would I have trouble charging my car?

To answer this question, the OCU (Organization of Consumers and Users) and consumer organizations in Portugal, Spain, Italy and Belgium have used an electric car on a long trip “To assess the charging network and verify what remains to be done to make these cars as practical as fossil fuel cars.” The trips were made between October 2020 and January 2021 and it was seen that you can travel by electric car in all countries, but there were also things to improve.

According to the OCU, ein this videoWe tell you what is missing to make the electric car move freely on European roads “: 8 requests from European consumer organizations which are the following:

  1. Being able to charge the car at home
  2. Faster charging stations
  3. Super fast chargers on highways and roads
  4. No more than 50 km distance between charging stations
  5. Interoperability between charging stations
  6. A single payment system
  7. A competitive price system
  8. Mobile applications for users

How to charge an electric vehicle

But in light of this,How does the recharging of a purely electric car with 0 emissions work? What is needed, what is needed? Two of the main elements that tend to go backwards when switching to an electric are the charging time, since it is much faster to fill the gas tank – in addition, there are many more gas stations than electric charging points. And the autonomy, since the autonomy of a traditional car is between 700 and 1000 km, and in electric it varies from 100 to 400, depending on the capacity of the batteries.

There are many doubts that arise about the electric charge of the vehicle: how much does it cost, what power do I need to charge an electric car, where can it be done, what alternatives are there, and the OCU lanswer them in this post:

Can the car be plugged into a normal outlet?

Yes, but the loading time will be very long. In a 10 A socket (normal at home), fully charging a car with a capacity of 50 kW would take 21 hours. However, if you charge every day, you only have to charge what has been spent in the day: for example, if you travel 50 km a day, the charging process would take just over 4 hours, that is, it could be left charging overnight and there would be more than enough time to go out the next day with a full charge. It is important to have the electrical installation with a sufficient cable section and to be able to limit the vehicle’s charging power.

Can you install a charging station (wallbox)?

If you have an individual home or community garage, you can do it (in homeowners’ associations you only have to inform the president or administrator). This way you can load the vehicle more quickly, being able to charge in single-phase current from 2.3 to 9.2 kW and in three-phase current from 11 to 27.7 kW. In the latter, a car with a 50 kW battery would take less than 3 hours to charge. In any case, it must be taken into account that, the higher the load power, the more contracted power it must have in the home, which will mean an extra fixed cost. An advantage of charging stations is that they can optimize and schedule for the best times.

How much does it cost to put an electric car charger at home?

Installing a charging point, station or wallbox in your house can reach suppose an investment of more than 1,000 euros, depending on the installation.

What type of electrical outlets do electric vehicles have?

There are several types:

– The vast majority have a type 2 connector o Mennekes for alternating current loads.

– Also a CCS Combo that allows charging in alternating current or in direct current for fast charging.

– Some cars have CHAdeMO connector.

How much does it cost to charge an electric car?

The price of the load raises many questions, how much can it cost to load the car? Well, from the outset, it depends on whether it is loaded at home or in a public position.

How much does it cost to charge an electric car at home?

The cost of each kilometer traveled charged at home is much cheaper than the journey with gasoline or diesel. If a normal rate is used, each 100 km can go out for between 3 and 4 euros. If a tariff with hourly discrimination is used, it can be even half. So you can compare, 100 km cost almost 10 euros if the fuel used is gasoline or 7.5 euros if diesel is used.

How much does it cost to charge an electric car on the street?

It depends on the rate: In some shopping centers or public parking lots there are free charging points, but in others even those that cost more than 60 cents / kWh, which means 12 euros per 100 km… With these rates, the kilometer traveled is more expensive than using gasoline; For this reason, the normal thing is that, whoever buys an electric car, it is because they can charge it at home, work, etc. in order to take advantage of advantageous rates.

The advantage of public chargers is that they can sometimes charge at high power, shortening the charging time is usually not too long. Quick recharging is recommended for long trips, since daily use can affect the battery.

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